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Sub-rules to access or reject access to information

In this document, Dejusitica collected the principal legal sub-rules, derived from an analysis of judicial opinions that were issued between the years 2006 to 2013 by the Constitutional Court and the Inter American Court of Human Rights. Dejusticia restricted its analysis to opinions related to access to information, the restriction of information due to public interest, particularly when this restriction is based on rationales such as security and the functioning of justice. The applied methodology involves a critical follow-up of the judicial task, selecting the sub-rule or normative principle that served as the core for each jurisprudential decision and, at the same time, constitutes a linking norm for another similar actual situation. Additionally, the methodology includes opinions that do not necessarily include the ratio decidendi or a unique reason that explains the decision of the case, if the cases present reasonable parameters to follow, that will be useful for the solution of similar future cases.

La metodología empleada conlleva un seguimiento crítico a la tarea judicial, seleccionando la sub-regla o principio normativo que sirvió de sustento a cada decisión jurisprudencial y que a su vez constituye norma vinculante para otra situación fáctica semejante. Adicionalmente, se incorporan argumentaciones que sin contener necesariamente la ratio decidendi o sin ser la única razón que sustenta la decisión del caso, sí representan parámetros razonables a seguir, respecto de la solución de casos futuros similares.

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